The legend of Manco Capac & Mama Ocllo
Origin of the legend of Manco Capac and Mama Ocllo: It was released by Inca Garcilaso de la Vega (1539-1616). Chronicler who was the son of a Spanish Captain Sebastian Garcilaso de la Vega and the "ñusta" (inca princess) Isabel Chimpu Ocllo, granddaughter of Tupac Yupanqui. The maternal family of the Inca Garcilaso de la Vega that belonged to the Inca nobility was the one that gives first hand information on the origins of the Inca people.
MANCO CAPAC & MAMA OCLLO (the legend of Lake Titicaca )
In the lands lying north of Lake Titicaca, the people lived like wild beasts. They had no religion, no justice, no cities. These beings didn't know how to cultivate the land and they lived naked. Sheltering in caves and fed on plants, wild berries and raw meat. Inti, the sun god, decided he had to civilize these beings. He asked his son Ayar Manco and his daughter Mama Ocllo to go down to earth to build a great empire.
They teach men the rules of civilized life and worship their creator god, the sun. But first, Ayar Manco and mama Ocllo should establish a capital. Inti entrusted to them a golden rod by saying this:
- From the vast lake, where you reach, march northward. Every time you stop to eat or to sleep you must plant this golden staff into the ground. Where it sink without effort, you will built the Cuzco and will lead the Empire of the Sun.
The next morning, Ayar Manco and mama Ocllo appeared between the waters of Lake Titicaca. The richness of their clothes and glitter of her jewels made the people soon realize that they were gods. Frightened, the people followed them in secret.
Ayar Manco and mama Ocllo started to march northward. The days passed without the golden staff sank into the ground. One morning, when arriving at a beautiful valley surrounded by majestic mountains, the golden staff sank gently to the ground. There was to be built Cuzco, the "navel" of the world, the capital of the Empire of the Sun
Ayar Manco turned to the men who surrounded them and began to teach them to farm, hunt, build houses, etc ...
Mama Ocllo turned to women and taught them to weave the wool of llamas to make clothing. Also taught them to cook and take care of the house ...
Thus, Ayar Manco, turned Manco Capac , with her sister Ocllo Mama sat on the throne of the new Empire of the Sun. From this day, every Inca emperors, descendants of Manco Capac, ruled his empire with his sister-turned-wife.
It is evident from the legend that this is about mythical figures, considered of divine origin, which came with a civilizing mission led south to northern Peru. In the background they are fertile lands seekers who sought to engage in agricultural work tasks. This sense is symbolized by the rod sinks into the earth as the plant in the soil to flourish.
The interpretation of this legend has a strong real support and stating that Manco Capac represents a whole nation, possibly of tiawanakenses living in the region of the sacred lake; as we know, the most fertile lands there are precisely around the lake so that there was a time when the population explosion and shortage of land forced the nation to find another region rich and wide. It is further argued that possibly Tiawanako state, whose capital Taypiqala was destroyed by Aymaras invaders coming from the area of Tucumán and Coquimbo in the south, and they forced its inhabitants to emigrate to the valley of Cusco.
There is evidence that Tiahuanaco or Tiwanaku civilization (Bolivian name) had decisive participation in the formation of Tawantinsuyo.
History of Peru in the American and global process: the Inca and his contemporaries / Juan Castillo Morales.